We are 100% behind the publishing industry – book it
We never tire of taking our annual tour of the major international book fairs, starting this year with a stop at the London Book Fair, held March 12-14 at the Olympia in West London, England. We were represented by Chris Barnard, Vice President – Projects & Market Development and Andrew Doick, Business Development – International. Mr. Barnard, who has visited this book fair many times, observed, “There is still a lot of life in the book industry. People still like the feel of a book in their hand, and that means publishers will need companies like Universal Logistics to ship their books.”
We continue to meet and exceed client expectations by offering an unmatched combination of local and international strengths:
the leading provider of logistics services for the Canadian book publishing industry
the only Canadian representative (and a founding member) of BookFreight, a worldwide network of freight forwarders, specializing in book industry transportation management
the only company endorsed by the Canadian Book and Periodical Council (customs broker and international freight forwarder) for the last 24 years
For more information, contact Chris Barnard, Vice President – Projects & Market Development.
Canadian Export Reporting process update
CERS to replace CAED: December 2019
The Canadian Border Services Agency (CBSA) is replacing the Canadian Automated Export Declaration (CAED) with the Canadian Export Reporting System (CERS). The original go-live date (July 2019) has been delayed and a new tentative start date has been set (December 2019).
The goal is to ensure CBSA, in partnership with Statistics Canada, can provide a solution that meets the needs of the export community.
All existing users of CAED/DLM/SRP will be required to activate their business account during the revised onboarding window. The pilot phase, commencing January 2020, will include a select number of trade chain partners (TCPs), including CAED, Data Loading Module (DLM) and Summary Reporting Program (SRP).
Elimination of paper export reporting: No more B13A
Mandated electronic export reporting, including elimination of the B13A Export Declaration form, is coming soon as part of the CERS implementation. Exporters will learn more about these changes in the near future through multiple channels: Customs Notice, the CBSA and Statistics Canada websites and anywhere paper B13As are stamped.
You also need to know that the Definition of Exporter has now been identified as the primary cause of ambiguity in the Reporting of Exported Goods Regulations – and all resulting issues.
Summary Reporting Program (SRP): Addressed in Future Regulations
Since goods of unknown risk are being reported after export, thereby evading CBSA pre-export risk assessment, the CBSA will amend the eligibility criteria to refocus the SRP to its original purpose, a “facilitative reporting method for bulk goods (e.g. wheat, lumber, coal).”
Non-Bulk goods will no longer be eligible for the program and will have to be reported on a transactional basis.
This regulatory change will not be included in this round of regulatory amendments and will be addressed in a future regulatory package.
For more information, contact David Lychek, Manager – Ocean & Air Services.
Why getting U.S. LTL Truck Freight Classifications
right is so important
There are eighteen different U.S. LTL Truck Freight Classifications. Choosing the right one is important because a mistake can lead to increased costs that are entirely avoidable. For example, it is important to show the right National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) item number on the bill of lading, as this is required to allocate correct shipping costs and avoid reclassification or rate differences.
Freight class questions and answers
Q: What is a Freight Class?
A: Freight Classes provide common standardized freight pricing for use by carriers, warehouses and brokers. Freight Classes are defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association (NMFTA) and made available through the NMFC or National Motor Freight Classification.
Q: What is a National Motor Freight Classification?
A: In the United States, each commodity or type of product is assigned a National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) and corresponding class for less than truckload (LTL) freight shipments. The NMFC system gives consumers a uniform pricing structure when transporting freight. The number assigned to an item is important to LTL carriers in determining the tariffs, which in turn determine the price charged to the customer.
Q: What factors are used to calculate Freight Class?
Freight Class is based on weight, length and height, density, ease of handling, value and liability from things like theft, damage, break-ability and spoilage. The definitions for each are as follows:
(Weight, Length, Height) Density and Value: Density guidelines assign classification 50 to freight that weighs 50 pounds per cubic foot. The Commodity Classification Standards Board (CCSB) assigns classifications 70, 92.5, 175 and 400 to freight with densities of 15, 10.5, 5, and 1 pound per cubic foot, respectively. Freight less dense than 1 pound per cubic foot is classified as 500.The density is the space the item occupies in relation to its weight. The density is calculated by dividing the weight of the item in pounds by its volume in cubic feet. Your item’s volume in cubic feet is Length x Width x Height/1,728, where all dimensions are measured in inches. The density of your item = Weight/Volume, where Weight is measured in pounds and Volume is measured in cubic feet.
Stow-ability: Most freight stows well in trucks, trains and boats, but some articles are regulated by the government or carrier policies. Some items cannot be loaded together. Hazardous materials are transported in specific manners. Excessive weight, length or protrusions can make freight impossible to load with other freight. The absence of load-bearing surfaces makes freight impossible to stack. A quantifiable stow-ability classification represents the difficulty in loading and carrying these items.
Handling: Most freight is loaded with mechanical equipment and poses no handling difficulties, but some freight, due to weight, shape, fragility or hazardous properties, requires special attention. A classification that represents ease or difficulty of loading and carrying the freight is assigned to the items.
Liability: Liability is probability of freight theft or damage, or damage to adjacent freight. Perishable cargo or cargo prone to spontaneous combustion or explosion is classified based on liability and assigned a value per pound, which is a fraction of the carrier’s liability. When classification is based on liability, density must also be considered.
Q: What are the 18 Different Types of Freight Class?
Per Cubic Foot
Class 50 – Clean Freight
Fits on standard shrink-wrapped 4X4 pallet, very durable
over 50 lbs
Bricks, cement, mortar, hardwood flooring
Car accessories & car parts
Car accessories & car parts, bottled beverages, books in boxes
Car accessories & car parts, food items, automobile engines
15 to 22.5 pounds
Tires, bathroom fixtures
13.5 to 15 pounds
Crated machinery, cast iron stoves
Computers, monitors, refrigerators
Boat covers, car covers, canvas, wine cases, caskets
Cabinets, framed artwork, table saw
Small Household appliances
Auto sheet metal parts, bookcases
Clothing, couches stuffed furniture
Auto sheet metal parts, aircraft parts, aluminum table, packaged mattresses
Bamboo furniture, mattress and box spring, plasma TV
Wood cabinets, tables, chairs setup, model boats
Class 500 – Low Density or High Value
Bags of gold dust, ping pong balls
Less than 1 lbs.
For more information, contact Lisa Fertita, General Manager – Freight Services.
Steel safeguard ruling
The Canadian International Trade Tribunal (CITT) has announced that safeguard measures are warranted for two steel products:
Heavy steel plate (other than goods originating in Korea, Panama, Peru, Colombia and Honduras)
Stainless steel wire (other than goods originating in Korea, Panama, Peru, Colombia and Honduras)
These two products are included in the seven categories of steel products that were assigned a 25% tariff surtax for imports beyond a certain quota, effective October 2018.
The duration of the safeguards is unknown, but they could be extended for three years.
With respect to the other five product categories, the Tribunal concluded that safeguard measures are not warranted:
Concrete reinforcing bar
Energy tubular products
It is reasonable to expect that the provisional safeguard measures will be discontinued and a process will be established for the prompt refund of import surtaxes that have been paid by importers during the provisional period.
For more information, contact Brian Rowe, Director – Customs Compliance & Regulatory Affairs.
A new round of EU tariffs threatened by U.S.
The United States is threatening to impose $11 billion in tariffs against the European Union after the World Trade Organization ruled that the EU’s Airbus subsidies are not fair.
The specific duties, by product, will be announced this summer. A preliminary list of goods, covering a wide range of items from seafood to jets, has been issued for public consultation, including:
Salmon fillets, fresh or chilled
Cheese, including Cheddar, Roquefort, Stilton, Gruyere and Pecorino
Lemons fresh or dried
Virgin olive oil
Cashmere sweaters, pullovers and similar
Ceramic household steins with pewter lids
Motorcycles with an engine size of between 500cc and 700cc
Wall clocks, not electrically operated, designed to operate over 47 hours without rewinding
Duties may also be placed on goods if they are produced in France, Germany, Spain or the UK, including:
Undercarriages for use in new civil aircraft
Fuselages for use in new civil airplanes
For more information, contact Brian Rowe, Director – Customs Compliance & Regulatory Affairs.
Remnants of this mystery location’s medieval past are evident throughout the city.
Global Spotlight Quiz
How many clues do you need to name a capital that borders two countries?
The city’s history has been strongly influenced by people of different nations and religions, namely (in alphabetical order) Austrians, Bulgarians, Croats, Czechs, Germans, Hungarians, Jews, Serbs and Slovaks
The city is dominated by a Castle built in the 9th century
The city was known by its German name Pressburg before receiving its contemporary name in 1919
Once the center of a major kingdom controlling a large part of a major continent
Likely the only city in the world where you can have lunch in a UFO
The population works primarily in the service sector (trade, banking, IT, telecommunication industry, tourism)
For more information about shipping freight to or from this city, contact Debbie McGuire, Manager – Freight Solutions.
Answer: Bratislava, Slovakia
The perils of being under insured
Make sure you read the fine print before purchasing insurance abroad for freight shipments. A common mistake is to assume that minimum insurance gives you some degree of protection against all perils when, in fact, it actually excludes many perils.
Protect your business interests by insuring you buy a policy that gives you protection against all perils.
Office Manager – Cleveland
At Your Service: Vickey Ison,
Office Manager – Cleveland
Our senior management team now includes Vickey Ison, who joined Universal Logistics USA as Office Manager – Cleveland, effective February 5, 2019.
Vickey brings ten years of industry experience to her position, including all aspects of freight operations, client service and new business development. “I am excited about this opportunity and look forward to helping guide the entire Cleveland office team to an all-new level of excellence,” says Vickey.
Vickey can be reached by phone (440) 360-7850, or by email.
Route is produced by Universal Logistics. Editor: Bettina Scharnberg. Email: email@example.com While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of information contained herein, Universal Logistics accepts no responsibility or liability for errors or omissions. Written correspondence should be forwarded to:
Universal Logistics Inc.
125 Commerce Valley Drive West
Suite 750, Thornhill, Ontario L3T 7W4
Tel: 905-882-4880 Fax: 905-882-2250
Attention: Bettina Scharnberg
News and Views for the
clients of Universal Logistics